Positive Gains Scale

Measurement invariance of the Positive Gains Scale in families of children with and without disabilities

Mikeda Jess et al

This research paper was published in the Research in Developmental Disabilities journal as a result of the research we funded at University of Warwick.

What is the Positive Gains Scale?

The Positive Gain Scale (PGS; Pit-ten Cate, 20031) is a seven-item measure originally developed to assess parental perceptions of positive aspects of raising a child with a disability.

  1. Since having this child I feel I have grown as a person
  2. Having this child has helped me to learn new things / skills
  3. Raising this child helps putting life into perspective
  4. Since having this child, my family has become closer to one another
  5. Since having this child, my family has become more tolerant and accepting
  6. Since having this child I have become more determined to face up to challenges
  7. Since having this child I have a greater understanding of other people


  1. Pit-ten Cate, I. M. (2003). Family adjustment to disability and chronic illness in children Doctoral thesis. England, UK: University of Southampton.

Published: April 2020

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